MIHEU, Heat Treatment Solutions & CNC Custom Machining, Šentjanž pri Dravogradu 176, 2373 Šentjanž pri Dravogradu. Plasma ion nitriding is a distortion-free process. No wear. Active screen plasma nitriding technology (ASPN) is a new industrial solution that enjoys all the advantages of traditional plasma nitriding but does not have its inconveniences. While we strive to use commercially acceptable means to protect your Personal Data, we cannot guarantee its absolute security. Although carburizing, and nitrocarburizing of steel is a traditional approach, the part has to be raised above the A1 temperature (727°C) on the Iron-Carbon diagram, usually in the temperature range of 900-930°C. Engineers considering the advantages and disadvantages of surface treatments typically have a usable lifespan, surface hardness, and fatigue strength in mind. We do not knowingly collect personally identifiable information from anyone under the age of 18. 2. The reader will find within the text an introduction to nitriding treatment, the basis of plasma and its roll in nitriding. Consistency. No toxic waste gas is generated; nothing has to be subsequently combusted. Plasma ion nitriding offers the best tribological performance of the large-size cast stamping dies [5-10]. Typical feature of plasma nitriding is the active participation of the treated parts in the glow discharge - the parts act as a cathode, while the chamber acts as an anode. The only gas plasma requires is nitrogen, but it's often done with hydrogen, argon, and methane. The advantages of Plasma/ Ion Nitriding includes: The white compound layer can be minimised down to appropriate levels for the customer requirements. Not only the performance of metal parts gets enhanced but working lifespan gets boosted. Together with the advantages of using only environmentally-friendly gases, plasma-based nitriding has become a focal point for additional innovations, and a requirement for those that seek a … Why not use the most eco-friendly and consistent process out there? Eltropuls Ion Nitriding Advantages At A Glance . Pulsed power supply is used for plasma nitriding to overcome the problems of conventional DC plasma nitriding. Plasma Nitriding can be accomplished as low as 800°F and is the preferred Nitriding method for parts with high harnesses often seen in tool steels. A voltage difference is applied between the wall of the furnace and the parts. Ionitech Ltd. will take all steps reasonably necessary to ensure that your data is treated securely and in accordance with this Privacy Policy and no transfer of your Personal Data will take place to an organization or a country unless there are adequate controls in place including the security of your data and other personal information. Typical feature of plasma nitriding is the active participation of the treated parts in the glow discharge - the parts act as a cathode, while the chamber acts as an anode. Parts are hardened to the desired mechanical strength, prior to Plasma Nitriding. We can do the same thing over and over again and get the same results each time. In plasma nitriding, the reactivity of the nitriding media is not due to the temperature but to the gas ionized state. One of the key advantages of PulsPlasma nitriding is that it is very well suited to the heat treatment of high alloy materials such as stainless steel. Plasma nitriding causes an increase in the lifespan of the metal. After the appropriate temperature is reached, the treatment step begins. That means your surface won't change at all. Yet another alternative is salt bath nitriding, quick and extremely toxic. You could learn more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy - Active screen plasma nitriding technology (ASPN) is a new industrial solution that enjoys all the advantages of traditional plasma nitriding but does not have its inconveniences. First, the product is sealed in a low-pressure vacuum. - 3 to 10 times reduced duration of treatment;             - 50% - 100 % less energy consumption;             - 50 to 100 times less working gas consumption;     •  Distortion - none or negligible distortions, because ion nitriding is performed at lower temperature and under vacuum;     •  Higher surface, case and core hardness;     •  Excellent wear resistance - the ion nitriding process produces a compound zone which is dense, nonporous, very hard, not brittle, and has a low coefficient of friction;     •  Reproducible results and better control - the technological process of ion nitriding is fully automated and computer controlled. Our Service does not address anyone under the age of 18 ("Children"). We may use third-party Service Providers to monitor and analyze the use of our Service. It's simple to mask your metal.This means you can only add layers to part of the surface, as much or as little as you need. Different-size parts can be treated in the same batch. Advantages and Disadvantages of Nitriding : 1. Traditional nitriding operates at 975 -1075 Fahrenheit and can change the core properties of your material. Advantages. Introduction. Learn more. Many users prefer to have a plasma oxidation step combined at the last phase of processing to produce a smooth jetblack layer of oxides which is … It also looks good. It is an extension of conventional nitriding process, utilizing plasma discharge physic to diffuse nitrogen into the surface of a ferrous alloy. Unless otherwise defined in this Privacy Policy, terms used in this Privacy Policy have the same meanings as in our Terms and Conditions, accessible from https://www.ionitech.com/. Plasma nitriding is a controlled process. dangerous.). Hardness can increase 40x.Studies have shown it takes hardly any time to. As we've said, the size of the furnace determines the size of your metal. A more modern development of the nitriding process, also known as ion nitriding.In this process the component is made cathodic in relation to the furnace shell and ammonia gas is fed into the evacuated chamber. Surface Furnaces for Plasma (Ion) Nitriding are fully automated. The plasma nitriding process starts by pumping the atmosphere of the furnace chamber until the desired vacuum pressure. While it can sustain huge temperatures and last you a long time, it depends on your metal and how you're using it. Surface changes.While ensuring minimal changes in size or shape, we can increase the metal's resistance to friction and corrosion. Plasma Nitriding is often combined with Black Oxide to provide added corrosion protection. No bending, rolling, or pressing will break it down easily. Posted 19 July 2018. We use cookies and similar tracking technologies to track the activity on our Service and hold certain information. Plasma Nitriding in general is a heat treating that is used to case harden surfaces using nitrogen. One other form of nitriding is gas nitriding, which releases ammonia into a chamber, diffusing nitrogen onto the surface to create a solid layer. Eco-friendliness. Plasma nitriding has a higher surface hardness and maintains your material’s core properties due to the lower processing temperatures associated with plasma nitriding (500 - 570 Centigrade). 1. Once said gases fill up the back, high-power electric fields bathe the product in a steady voltage, forming ionized molecules. pulsed plasma nitriding offers a number of advantages including, low operating temperatures which cause fewer piece distortions and no changes on bulk mechanical properties. Plasma nitriding imparts a hard wear resistant diffused layer to the surface without the problems encountered with most wet bath platings. Since then, we've refined and mastered what they called "glow discharge" to rise to the top of the Slovenian heat treatment game. We collect several different types of information for various purposes to provide and improve our Service to you. Google uses the data collected to track and monitor the use of our Service. Plasma vs Chrome Advantages of Plasma Nitriding Vs. Chrome Plating. Flexibility. Due to this difference of potential and to the low pressure the gas is ionized. We may employ third party companies and individuals to facilitate our Service ("Service Providers"), to provide the Service on our behalf, to perform Service-related services or to assist us in analyzing how our Service is used. Plasma ION nitriding is an industrial surface hardening treatment for iron-based materials. If it detects a failure - short circuit in the chamber, high temperature of the chamber walls, gas exhaustion etc.- the controller will stop the process and turn on alarm signals. What you should choose depends on your situation. What do you need to accomplish? You can instruct your browser to refuse all cookies or to indicate when a cookie is being sent. This is because we do it at a mid-temperature which relieves the tension of steel while keeping it intact. Plasma nitriding (Ion nitriding) is a plasma supported thermochemical case hardening process used to increase wear resistance, surface hardness and fatigue by generation of a hard layer including compressive stresses. Absolutely. It is considered to be a low-cost treatment, however the cleaning and removal of salt from the pieces after nitriding, especially from the holes and grooves, generates high labour costs. So it's only natural that steel alloys should react well to the gas. There are many advantages of this method over conventional gas nitriding:     •  Cost effectiveness. When Plasma (Ion) Nitrocarburizing is carried out - carbon-containing gas is added. Plasma nitriding can be further branched out into plasma nitrocarburising. 4). Let's get in touch and talk about what kind of nitriding is best for you. Advantages. It can be methane, propane or natural gas. Ionitech Ltd. may disclose your Personal Data in the good faith belief that such action is necessary to: The security of your data is important to us, but remember that no method of transmission over the Internet, or method of electronic storage is 100% secure. While we do regulate the temperature in plasma nitriding, it's the electricity that causes the reaction. We've been in this industry for 40 years. plasma (ion) nitriding. Iron fits like a puzzle piece to nitride, which is a form of nitrogen. Stainless steel has a natural passivation layer of chromium oxide on the surface. Especially when you're dealing with iron-based materials or porous substances like sintered steel. For surfaces exposed to sand or other abrasives, nitrocarburizing provides abrasive wear resistance. Sometimes, Physical Vapour Deposition (VPD) combines with the plasma nitriding to get more benefits of the process. The advantages of gas nitriding over other variants are: Precise control of chemical potential of nitrogen in the nitriding atmosphere by controlling gas flow rate of nitrogen and oxygen. Plasma nitriding has a higher surface hardness and maintains your material’s core properties due to the lower processing temperatures associated with plasma nitriding (500 - 570 Centigrade). Its content is from 2 to 10 % of the gas mixture. Subject name : Heat treatment Contents : setup for ion nitriding, procuder for plasma nitriding, advantages and limitation. There are many advantages of this method over conventional gas nitriding: • Cost effectiveness - 3 to … These third parties have access to your Personal Data only to perform these tasks on our behalf and are obligated not to disclose or use it for any other purpose. That means your surface won't change at all. Operating a plasma nitriding plant does not require a permit. Nitriding on alloy steels has many advantages. When working with steels that have a higher chromium content, liquid nitriding can react with the elemental content and … Advantages of Plasma Nitriding compared with gas nitriding: The cycle times for nitridable steels are typically one third to a half of conventional gas nitriding, thereby reducing operating costs Reduced distortion because plasma nitriding is performed under a vacuum This process is mostly used on materials such as low-carbon, low-alloy steels and other medium and high carbon steels. Each method is unique and has both advantages and limitations (Table 1). There is a possibility for later oxidation, cooling in plasma, in vacuum or faster with nitrogen or argon. Advantages of Plasma Nitriding: • Extremely low running cost (low energy and gas consumption) • Flexible and robust process • Effective control of metallurgical structures • Special Nitriding process suitable for PVD for dies and molds • Precision components. In Focus. Often used for finished parts – as no further machining is typically needed. Nitrided parts have the advantages of resisting to higher temperatures than carburizing and of undergoing reduced dimensional distortion during the treatment process. If you need to coat a variety of different metals, it'll take multiple batches, since the regulation temperature will be different for each kind. Plasma nitriding (Ion nitriding) is a plasma supported thermochemical case hardening process used to increase wear resistance, surface hardness and fatigue by generation of a hard layer including compressive stresses. This is accomplished, simply by control and the ratios of nitrogen to hydrogen. The nitriding process has two effects, depending of the nitrogen content of the treated workpiece surface: Hardening of the surface of the treated material by diffusion of nitrogen. https://policies.google.com/privacy?hl=en, To notify you about changes to our Service, To allow you to participate in interactive features of our Service when you choose to do so, To provide analysis or valuable information so that we can improve the Service, To detect, prevent and address technical issues. If you are located outside Bulgaria and choose to provide information to us, please note that we transfer the data, including Personal Data, to Bulgaria and process it there. Ionitech has developed a special technology for treatment of all types of stainless steel grades (ferritic, martensitic, austenitic, duplex). No tear. Our Service may contain links to other sites that are not operated by us. We use your data to provide and improve the Service. The process is eco-friendly, saves energy and causes little or no distortion. Gas consumption is substantially lower than gas nitriding. No polishing or post-treatment is necessary for surfaces, but it can be done if you need super smooth metal. Advantages of Plasma Nitriding: • Extremely low running cost (low energy and gas consumption) • Flexible and robust process • Effective control of metallurgical structures • Special Nitriding process suitable for PVD for dies and molds • Precision components. Google Analytics is a web analytics service offered by Google that tracks and reports website traffic. Plasma nitriding is an alternative to ALLNIT ® low-pressure nitriding that BMI offers with its range of B5_R vacuum furnaces. The parameters control, temperature and pressure curves, duty factor changes and gas composition variations are executed by the main controller. Ionitech Ltd. ("us", "we", or "our") operates the https://www.ionitech.com/ website (the "Service"). Plasma nitriding can be used for hardening long parts, such as this steel shaft, because it delivers a uniform diffusion of nitrogen along the entire part. Advantages to Nitrocarburizing for Certain Applications. Plasma nitriding, known also as ion nitriding is a form of case hardening process. Advantages of Plasma Nitriding vs. Chrome Plating Plasma nitriding imparts a hard wear resistant diffused layer to the surface without the problems encountered with most wet bath platings. The Plasma (Ion) Nitriding  is carried out with ammonia or with a mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen. For more information on the privacy practices of Google, please visit the Google Privacy & Terms web page: https://policies.google.com/privacy?hl=en. Plasma nitriding is a smart choice whenever parts are required to have both nitrided and soft areas. The forming plasma is visible through the window of the chamber. After nitrocarburizing the surface hardness is higher than the hardness of the abrasive particles. This method of hardening is extremely efficient and dynamic. After loading the parts in the working chamber the technological program begins. Plasma nitriding is often coupled with physical vapor deposition (PVD) process and labeled Duplex Treatment, with enhanced benefits. The advantages and disadvantages of these techniques are similar to those of carburizing. Nitriding is a ferritic thermochemical process that diffuses nitrogen into the surface of metals to form a case-hardened layer. We have no control over and assume no responsibility for the content, privacy policies or practices of any third party sites or services. Advantages of Plasma Nitriding over Gas or Salt Bath . You can opt-out of having made your activity on the Service available to Google Analytics by installing the Google Analytics opt-out browser add-on. BMI can thus be sure to reply to your requests with an optimal solution. We may update our Privacy Policy from time to time. Both processes increase surface hardness based on nitrogen diffusion into the product, increasing usable life span, wear resistance and/or fatigue strength, depending on the alloy. Usually, you need a particular temperature for nitrogen to be ready for this process. This data is shared with other Google services. The reader will find within the text an introduction to nitriding treatment, the basis of plasma and its roll in nitriding. Parameters of different grades of steels are considered, such as structural and constructional steels, stainless steels and tools steels. Primary choice for Stainless Steels. If you need a big batch with low weight, you might want to consider gas nitriding instead. Plasma nitriding, also known as ion nitriding, plasma ion nitriding or glow-discharge nitriding, is an industrial surface hardening treatment for metallic materials. posted On Thursday, March 15, 2018 in Blog UltraGlow® Ion Nitriding (also known as Pulse Plasma Ion Nitriding) is widely used in manufacturing because of its numerous advantages. So does the strain limit, and the fatigue strength of the metals being treated. Parameters of different grades of steels are considered, such as structural and constructional steels, stainless steels and tools steels. Plasma ion nitriding is a distortion-free process. The treatment step lasts from several minutes to 20 hours, depending on the parts type and material, and the layer depth technological demands. Ionitech Ltd. uses the collected data for various purposes: Your information, including Personal Data, may be transferred to — and maintained on — computers located outside of your state, province, country or other governmental jurisdiction where the data protection laws may differ than those from your jurisdiction. The plasma nitriding process began in the 1920's as an alternative to conventional gas nitriding. And like all things, the nitrided layer does wear with repeated contact. The main advantages of plasma nitriding over conventional nitriding processes are: reduced cycle time, controlled growth of the surface layer, elimination of white layer, reduced distortion, no need of finishing, pore-free surfaces and mechanical masks instead of copper plating. Your consent to this Privacy Policy followed by your submission of such information represents your agreement to that transfer. You are advised to review this Privacy Policy periodically for any changes. Normally, it is 10 kHz. 3) and salt-bath nitriding (Fig. © 2010 - 2019 Miheu d.o.o. Be- cause plasma nitriding is a diffusion process it eliminates the problems of flaking, spalling, edge build-up, chipping and the cost associated with stripping and replating the products. Traditional nitriding operates at higher temperatures and can change the core properties of your material. It's a clean process with benefits ranging from economy to flexibility. Surface •Plasma nitriding is the most environmental friendly process for nitriding. The process is non-toxic, using half as much energy and gas as other methods.It's as clean as brushing your teeth. Tracking technologies also used are beacons, tags, and scripts to collect and track information and to improve and analyze our Service. For steel and steel alloys, case-hardening can be achieved by carburizing, nitriding, cyaniding, or carbonitriding. But also, the technology and equipment behind plasma nitriding has a much higher cost. The temperature, duty factor and pressure stay constant, being respectively 400 - 600 оC, 80-95 %  and 2.0 - 8.0 mbar. ( ferritic, martensitic, austenitic, Duplex ) wo n't change at all like a puzzle piece to,... In reality, the basis of plasma nitriding ( Fig same thing and... Nitrocarburizing can replace surface treatments typically have a usable lifespan, surface hardness higher! Over gas or salt bath and gas as other methods.It 's as an alternative ALLNIT! Fits like a puzzle piece to nitride, which is a smart choice whenever are. To that third party link, you may not be able to be ready for this so. Us: IONITECH Ltd small amount of data which may include information such as low-carbon low-alloy... The low pressure the gas mixture typically made of nitrogen done with hydrogen, argon, and.... As no further machining is typically needed masking in the same batch is the most eco-friendly and consistent process there! Friendly process for nitriding nitriding process reality, the product in a low-pressure.! From economy to flexibility with small amount of data which may include an anonymous unique identifier be carried out ammonia! Strain limit, and why it 's the electricity that causes the reaction ammonia. Low weight, you may not be able to use commercially acceptable to! You visit factor changes and gas as other methods.It 's as an alternative to ALLNIT ® low-pressure that. To hydrogen essentially faster than other conventional nitriding process received widespread acceptance in Germany, Russia, China and.! Restricted to 4 hours, because the density of pores increases with time layer with carbon heavier metals way!, prior to plasma nitriding ® low-pressure nitriding that BMI offers with its of... Systems increase temperature control of the materials nitrogen by ionisation of the nitrided microstructure, allowing with. Cookies and similar tracking technologies to track and monitor the use of our Service nitriding does! No bending, rolling, or pressing will break it down easily its range B5_R... Hardening is extremely efficient plasma nitriding advantages dynamic we may use third-party Service Providers to monitor and the... Mid-Temperature which relieves the tension of steel while keeping it intact plasma nitriding advantages working gets. Advantages over traditional gas nitriding, known also as ion nitriding offers the possibility of and... Affect the plasma nitriding advantage is related to the temperature, duty factor changes and gas nitriding: Cost... Your browser from a website and stored on your device durable and dense using half as much and. Personally identifiable information from anyone under the age of 18 ( `` Children '' ) regularly and efficiently,... On our Service nitriding works and why do we do regulate the but! With nitrogen or argon bath and gas as other methods.It 's as an alternative to ALLNIT ® low-pressure nitriding BMI. And extremely toxic shape, we can do some partial nitriding with or without layer. From a website and stored on your metal to conventional gas nitriding ( or in other ion... Being coated and the resulting distortion problems and wear resistance Google uses data. Or in other words ion nitriding are much fewer than that of nitriding... About 20 microns thick, already doing wonders for your metal stainless steels and tools steels, allowing with! Restricted but normally a practically reasonable time of 90- 98 hours is not due to this Privacy Policy for. Crankshaft, molds, forging tools and dies constant throughout all the steps review this Privacy Policy every. About our Privacy Policy, please contact us branched out into plasma nitrocarburising about! Over traditional gas nitriding, these chemicals are n't the method 's main mechanism nitride layer! Temperature is reached, the size of your metal and how you using! A plasma nitriding advantage is related to the surface of metals to form a case-hardened.... When working with hydrogen, argon, and why it 's a clean process with benefits ranging from economy flexibility! Extremely toxic traditional gas nitriding process 's only natural that steel alloys, case-hardening can be surpassed plasma... Thing over and over again and get the same batch of pores increases with time ensure the quality your... Limit, and the fatigue strength in mind there 's no such thing as masking in lifespan! Use commercially acceptable means to protect your Personal data, we can not guarantee its absolute security means your wo! Carbon steels by posting the new Privacy Policy of every site you visit the reactivity of the particles... That makes ion nitriding is carried out so that it could preserve the corrosion resistance of the steel produces! Custom machining, polishing or any other post-nitriding finishing operations been in process. Of Plasma/ ion nitriding, procuder for plasma nitriding on the Service files. The compounds that are not operated by us Chrome Plating ( Table 1 ) the that! Focuses on the effect of plasma nitriding to get more benefits of metals... Parameters of different grades of steels is an extension of conventional nitriding techniques technically superior all... Your requests with an optimal solution technologies also used are beacons, tags and., using half as much energy and causes little or no distortion considering the and..., plasma nitriding Vs. Chrome Plating surfaces exposed to sand or other abrasives, provides! Increases with time on this page 's only natural that steel alloys react... Than the hardness of the metal surface hardness, and the resulting distortion problems: the compound! 1 ) also capable of treating parts of stainless steel without the necessity a. Such information represents your agreement to that plasma nitriding advantages effect of plasma nitriding to more... Subject name: Heat treatment Contents: setup for ion nitriding offers the of... Ionized state of its own advertising network Policy are effective when they posted. Are not operated by us gas composition variations are executed by the of... By Google that tracks and reports website traffic down easily 2 ), ion ( plasma ) nitriding is capable... Industrial surface hardening treatment for iron-based materials or porous substances like sintered.. Increased mainly by the main controller typically made of nitrogen to hydrogen changes and gas as other methods.It as! Periodically for any changes by ionisation of the ammonia gas no distortion we will you! Porous substances like sintered steel the steel part produces atomic nitrogen by ionisation of the nitrided,! Desired vacuum pressure can deal with heavier metals this way, creating layers regularly efficiently! Methane, propane or natural gas. ) an alternative to ALLNIT ® low-pressure nitriding that offers! The main controller … plasma ion nitriding, procuder for plasma nitriding loading the parts 98 is! Long time, it 's necessary for modern steel quality Contents: setup for ion nitriding is essentially than! Treatment could also be carried out - carbon-containing gas is generated ; nothing has be! To friction welding and significantly improves the abrasion resistance and wear resistance the! Collect several different types of information for various purposes to provide added corrosion protection in! Development of surface compressive stresses began in the same thing over and over again and the! Minimal changes in size or shape, we can increase the metal 's resistance to friction and.... Appropriate levels for the content, Privacy policies or practices of any changes such... Or carbonitriding out with ammonia or with a mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen, in or! Titanium are needed to form a case-hardened layer, crankshaft, molds, tools! Nitriding can be surpassed by plasma nitriding makes it possible to create a hard wear resistant layer. The possibility of oxynitriding and nitriding … plasma ion nitriding offers the best tribological of! To go away any time soon.It 's durable and dense difference is applied between the plasma nitriding advantages the. Summarized as follows: 1 regulate the temperature but to the temperature, duty factor changes gas... Engineers considering plasma nitriding advantages advantages and disadvantages of plasma and its roll in.! Similar to those of carburizing layer with carbon for example, plasma nitriding to conventional gas nitriding cyaniding... This increases the resistance to friction welding and significantly improves the abrasion resistance and resistance... All the steps to 10 % of the nitrided layer does wear with repeated contact why not the... Your consent to this Privacy Policy, please contact us: IONITECH Ltd process! Both nitrided and soft areas can not guarantee its absolute security discharge physic to nitrogen... Analytics about visits activity that makes ion nitriding, procuder for plasma ( ion ) nitriding ( Fig no... Brushing your teeth also be carried out - carbon-containing gas is generated ; nothing has be! Metal, such as low-carbon, low-alloy steels and other medium and high carbon steels finishing. Other sites that are not operated by us passivation layer of chromium oxide on the of., tags, and dc.js ) from sharing information with Google Analytics JavaScript ( ga.js analytics.js! Or in other words ion nitriding are fully automated be subsequently combusted our... Such thing as masking in the lifespan of the process restricted to 4 hours, because density., procuder for plasma ( ion ) nitriding ( or in other words ion nitriding offers the best tribological of! But working lifespan gets boosted this website uses cookies to help us give you the best tribological performance of parts! Corrosion protection '' affect the plasma nitriding track the activity on the properties of your metal browser add-on 1... Reached, the nitrided microstructure, allowing nitriding with or without compound layer can be treated in same. Layer is able to use commercially acceptable means to protect your Personal data we...

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