Extra powers were conferred on the Durango governor, Santiago Baca Ortiz, deputy to the first national congress, and leader of the liberal party. The Mammoth Museum, at Gomez Morin (also Calle 27a) and Ave. Juarez, is the city On April 22, 1914, on the initiative of Felix A. Sommerfeld and Sherburne Hopkins, Pancho Villa traveled to Juárez to calm fears along the border and asked President Wilson's emissary George Carothers to tell "Señor Wilson" that he had no problems with the American occupation of Veracruz. Koblenz). The Chihuahuan Desert boasts 3,000 plant species, including more than 500 of the world's 1,500 species of cactus. In addition 11 deputies are elected by system of proportional representation through a list of registered political party members. Chihuahua is famous for norteño food (rather similar to Tex-Mex), a delicious and healthy cuisine that makes liberal use of beef, cheese, and chiles. [60] For instance, a few years ago the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas published that in Ciudad Juárez "the average annual growth over the 10-year period 1990–2000 was 5.3 percent. Even though Villa's forces were badly depleted by his loss at Celaya, he continued his fight against the Carranza government. Pine (Pinus) and oak (Quercus) species are usually found at an elevation of 2,000 m (6,560 ft) above sea level. Chihuahua City is the capital of the state of Chihuahua. [2], Among cities in Mexico, the city of Chihuahua is highly ranked in human and social development. After the American invasion of New Mexico, Chihuahua sent 12,000 men led by Colonel Vidal to the border to stop the American military advance into the state. [25] Snowfall is somewhat uncommon in the city, normally with 2 snowfalls a year, although the surrounding area may receive three or four snowfalls. Population in City Area, 2014-10-17. [28] July 1973 is the record wettest month, with 242.5 millimetres (10 in). [24] During this time of the year, the climate is dry, with an average humidity around 46% and many days are sunny, averaging 15–18 clear days. [11], In July 2016, María Eugenia Campos Galván (PAN) was elected mayor. Chihuahua's annual Gross State Product (GSP) is about $6.2 billion. As for the language, this community speaks variants belonging to the yuto Nahua language family. All the people who reside in the country at the time of the interview, whether domestic or foreign. The state capital features cable television with the name "[Izzi Telecom]", which offers Digital triple play and High definition (H.D) service along with Totalplay Telecommunications offering IPTV via fiber optics in addition to the systems satellite television "SKY Mexico' SKY", "SKY Mexico VeTV", "Dish Mexico" and "Star TV Mexico". The Instituto Tecnológico de Chihuahua, known as ITCH, was the first technology institute in Mexico. After their loss at the Battle of Sacramento, the remaining Mexican soldiers retreated south, leaving the city to American occupation. The plains at the foot of the Sierra Madre Occidental is an elongated mesa known as Altiplanicie Mexicana that exhibits a steppe climate and serves as a transition zone from the mountain climate in the western part of the state to the desert climate in the eastern side of the state. General Parras was sent to suppress the movement. The fauna in the state is just as diverse as the flora and varies greatly due to the large contrast in climates. The state economy grew at a rapid pace during the Porfiriato; the economy in Chihuahua was dominated by agriculture and mining. In April 1914 U.S. opposition to Huerta had reached its peak, blockading the regime's ability to resupply from abroad. [24] Every year on the night of September 15–16, the president of Mexico re-enacts the Grito from the balcony of the National Palace. [35], Important highways that run through Chihuahua are Highway 45, which connects Chihuahua to Ciudad Juarez to the north and Delicias to the south, and highway 16, which connects Chihuahua to Hermosillo to the west and to the border town of Ojinaga to the east.[36]. In December 2015, Eugenio Baeza Fares assumed office as mayor of the City of Chihuahua, after Javier Garfio Pacheco requested licence to pursue the possibility to become the candidate for the political party PRI to Governor of the State of Chihuahua. The growing construction industry is creating many new fraccionamientos in order to try to solve the overwhelming demand for new homes in the city, extending them at an ever-increasing rate every year. At the end of the 19th century, Tomás Alva Edison's phonographs arrived in the city, which had numerous extension lines and had to be applied to people's ears to perceive sound reproductions. The bell was declared by the city hall historical monument and still today can be seen inside Cathedral. A delegation of the Triple Alliance arrived in Veracruz in December 1861. During the 1990s after NAFTA was signed, industrial development grew rapidly with foreign investment. Chihuahua is large and prosperous capital in the centre of the state of Chihuahua in Northern Mexico.It has a population of about 925,970 and the predominant activity is light industry. During October 1875 several locations were controlled by rebel forces, but the government finally regained control on November 25, 1875. During the presidency of Porfirio Díaz the city experienced explosive growth and became one of the most important cities in Mexico. The report published by the Directorate General of Statistics gave the city of Chihuahua, in 1895, the number of 19,520 people. As of 2017 , the city of Chihuahua had a population of 878,062 inhabitants. The Chichimeca are the ancestors of the Tepehuán people. The royalist military commander, General Felix Calleja, continued to pursue rebel troops. Spain, England, and France did not accept the moratorium by Mexico; they united at the Convention of the Triple Alliance on October 31, 1861 in which they agreed to take possession of several custom stations within Mexico as payment. In 1631 Juan Rangel de Biezma discovered a rich vein of silver and subsequently established San José del Parral near the site. During the 1990s the city grew dramatically economically, becoming the third wealthiest municipality (per capita) in the republic, after Benito Juárez borough of the Federal District (Mexico City), and San Pedro Garza García in Nuevo León. The Federal Police and the Army have moved into the city to conduct anti-drug operations; it seems that their activity may have a positive effect; the indices of property crime and murder have fallen[38] since 2010, with the result that Chihuahua is safer now than in years past. 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